Sveti Ivan Pavao II. Sveti papa Ivan Pavao II. rodio se kao Karol Józef Wojtyła 18. svibnja 1920. u poljskom gradu Wadowice, nedaleko Krakówa. Za njemačke okupacije u Krakówu je studirao na tajnom fakultetu u nadbiskupskom dvoru, a bavio se i glumom. Studij teologije nastavio je u Rimu, a kao profesor teologije djelovao je u […]Sv. Ivan Pavao II. — Svjedočanstva & Vjera
Sveti Ivan Pavao II.
Sveti papa Ivan Pavao II. rodio se kao Karol Józef Wojtyła 18. svibnja 1920. u poljskom gradu Wadowice, nedaleko Krakówa. Za njemačke okupacije u Krakówu je studirao na tajnom fakultetu u nadbiskupskom dvoru, a bavio se i glumom. Studij teologije nastavio je u Rimu, a kao profesor teologije djelovao je u Krakówu i Lublinu. Pio XII. imenovao ga je 1958. biskupom, Pavao VI. 1964. krakowskim nadbiskupom, a 1967. kardinalom. Za papu je izabran 16. listopada 1978.
Svojom osobnom neodoljivom toplinom, neposrednošću i prirodnom karizmom izuzetno je snažno djelovao putem suvremenih elektronskih medija, šireći svoje poruke i u najzabitnijim dijelovima Zemlje. U 26 godina svoga pontifikata, posjetio je 130 država, proputovao 1,2 milijuna kilometara, obišao zemaljsku kuglu oko 30 puta i posjetio oko 850 gradova. Zalagao se za mir i zagovarao pravo svakoga naroda na svoju državu, samostalnost i suverenost. Osmislio je sintagmu “kultura života” i promicao međureligijski dijalog. Zagovarao je jedinstvo kršćana i pokazao otvorenost prema drugim vjerskim zajednicima. Prvi je papa koji je ušao u džamiju i sinagogu. Za vrijeme pontifikata napisao je i izgovorio oko 15000 raznih govora i dokumenata, napisao 14 enciklika, 11 apostolskih konstitucija, 41 apostolsko pismo, 15 apostolskih pobudnica, mnoge knjige, pjesme i drame. Imenovao je 231 kardinala i zaredio 321 biskupa. Proglasio je novih 1338 blaženika i 482 novih svetaca. Snažno je utjecao na demokratsku preobrazbu istočnoeuropskih zemalja. Preminuo je 2. travnja 2005. u Rimu. Papa Benedikt XVI. proglasio ga je blaženim 1. svibnja 2011. te odredio kao njegov blagdan datum služenja prve svete mise na dužnosti pape, 22. listopada. Svetim ga je proglasio 27. travnja 2014. papa Franjo.
Papa Ivan Pavao II. imao je poseban odnos s Hrvatskom i Hrvatima. Rodio se u dijelu Poljske, koji se zove i Bijela Hrvatska. Aktivno se zalagao za ostvarenje hrvatske težnje za samostalnom državom. Vatikan je prvi u svijetu objavio 3. listopada 1991. da djeluje na međunarodnom priznanju Lijepe naše, a službeno je priznao Hrvatsku i Sloveniju 13. siječnja 1992. Hrvatskoj je papa Wojtyła pružao svestranu i trajnu potporu te je sve do svoje smrti ostao našim zagovornikom i prijateljem te ga možemo nazvati „hrvatskim papom“. Blagdan Male Gospe 8. rujna 1991. godine proglasio je svjetskim danom molitve za mir u Hrvatskoj. Posjetio je Hrvate pet puta, Hrvatsku tri puta te Bosnu i Hercegovinu dva puta. Proglasio je svetima Leopolda Mandića i Marka Križevčanina, a blaženima kardinala Alojzija Stepinca, Ivana Merza i Mariju Petković. Zaštitnik je mnogih naselja, župa, crkava, kapela i ustanova diljem svijeta, a posvećene su mu i hrvatske župe u Jelkovcu (Sesvete) kod Zagreba i u Petrinji te kapele u Bratini kod Jastrebarskog i u Ključić Brdu kod Velike Gorice.
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6 Excuses American Catholic Women Use Not to Veil
When Catholics refer to ‘veiling’, they simply mean a woman’s act of covering her head during Mass. Often it refers to using a mantilla or chapel veil, but it can also mean wearing a hat.
The current 1983 Code of Canon law, which contains the law of the Catholic Church, does not mention veiling, unlike it’s predecessor, the 1917 Canon. With a misplaced, new sense of freedom, many women threw away their mantillas.
Time is funny. What is out of vogue, becomes fashionable again. And so, the mantilla is back in style, especially in ladies who attend the Latin Mass.
2018 Poll on Catholic Veiling
BeautySoAncient.com polled a mall sample of 72 women in a traditional Catholic Facebook group and asked why they veil. Here are the results.
- 37% – out of reverence for the blessed sacrament
- 21% – it is Catholic tradition
- 18% – as a symbol of modesty
- 18% – the Church veils things that are sacred
- 7% – veiling is a sign of subjection to men (husband)
- 1% – as a remedy against vanity
These days, some Catholic women are curious about veiling, while others have no desire to veil. It is almost as if they are afraid that they will go backward and prefer a progressive direction in the Church and Mass. However, some women are still resistant and I find that there are 6 main excuses women use not to veil.
In speaking to women, we found 3 Reasons women use not to veil.
1) Only Spaniards Wear Mantillas
It is true that before Jackie Kennedy, American Catholic women were used to covering their heads with hats. Jackie brought back the mantilla and American Women fell in love with them.
So although these mantillas were very popular in Spain, American Catholic women adopted it as part of their culture as well.
Either way, you don’t have to wear a mantilla. You can wear a hat.
Let me point out that in some circles, wearing a mantilla is considered to be more holy or more traditional than a hat. Don’t let anyone deceive you. As long as your head is covered, you’re good.
2) I Look Horrible with a Mantilla
Not everyone looks like a mantilla model.
I’m sure everyone has seen the pictures of the pretty 20-something year-olds on the trad net. It is as if everyone who wears a mantillas is in their 20’s.
Unfortunately, or fortunately (depending on how you look at it), everyone does not look like a mantilla model.
Isn’t that the point?
Our focus, during Mass, should be on the holy sacrifice of the Mass itself, not on our looks. The same reason that you don’t not want to veil is exactly the reason why you should. It’s not about you!
Having said that, I’m going to say that all women look beautiful in their mantillas, but it’s a spiritual beauty – the best kind.
3) If I Wear a Mantilla at the Novus Ordo (Ordinary Form) Mass, I will Bring Attention to Myself
Here we have reverse modesty. “ If I wear something modest, I’m not actually modest am I?
I wonder sometimes if anyone really means this.
It is true that sometimes dressing over the top actually brings more attention to yourself. It’s like you’re saying, “Look at me… I’m so modest”!
A perfect example of this is those who dress like they’re on a “Little House On the Prairie” set. The dress is so outlandish, it actually brings attention to the women.
However, wearing a mantilla or hat is a tradition of the Catholic Church. It is no longer required (more on that in the next section) but it is not forbidden either.
4) We No Longer Have to Veil According to the Code of Canon Law
The 1983 Code of Canon Law doesn’t mention veiling, nor does it abrogate it. In response to a question about whether women are required to wear mantillas at a Traditional Latin Mass, Raymond Cardinal Burke responded:
“The wearing of a chapel veil for women is not required when women assist at the Holy Mass according to the Ordinary Form of the Roman Rite. It is, however, the expectation that women who assist at the Mass according to the Extraordinary Form cover their heads, as was the practice at the time that the 1962 Missale Romanum was in force. It is not, however, a sin to participate in the Holy Mass according to the Extraordinary Form without a veil.”Source.
Let me paraphrase.
Wear a mantilla anywhere you want, but if you attend a traditional Latin Mass regularly (I’m not speaking to visitors), please wear a mantilla. It is expected!
I am often shocked at the number of uncovered heads I find at even traditional parishes!
5) St Paul was a Misogynist. Why Should I listen to him?
Some Catholic women have a problem with St Paul’s views on submissiveness and the role of the woman in regard to her husband. 1 Corinthian 11: 3-5 particularly is troublesome to those who consider St Paul to be a misogynist.
“But I would have you know, that the head of every man is Christ; and the head of the woman is the man; and the head of Christ is God. Every man praying or prophesying with his head covered, disgraceth his head. But every woman praying or prophesying with her head not covered, disgraceth her head: for it is all one as if she were shaven.”Source.
I just want to point out that covering one’s head does not demean a woman. It elevates her. She is precious and she should be veiled.
St Paul is one of the most important figures in the history of the Church. He should not be dismissed so easily.
It is true that the head of a wife is her husband. Scripture says so.
In this modern time there has been a move from teaching wifely submission to teaching that husband and wife are to submit to one another. Although it is true that husband and wife are to submit to one another and, in fact, Catholic brethren should submit to one another, there is a specific admonition that wives submit to their husbands.
Catholic women all over the world continue to cover their heads during Mass, especially Eastern Catholics.
Are we more enlightened than they are?
***If you are a seller of veils, email me for possible inclusion on this list.***
I hope I’ve done a good job of debunking the 6 excuses American woman use to not veil. Let me know if I haven’t or if you agree or disagree.
Now, why not try veiling?
6) I don’t have a “Catholic veil” and I don’t know where to get one?
This last excuse is somewhat legitimate. I noticed there are plenty of articles on veiling, but not enough actually point the readers to where to get these veils. You can get them at your parish or online. Online stores offer more diverse options.
One does not have to wear a traditional mantilla as a Catholic veil. Any head covering can be used including scarves, hats & mantillas.
Companies that Sell beautiful Veils Online for Catholics
Below you’ll find a variety of places where you can buy a mantilla
DiClara (the mantilla in the picture to the right is from DiClara.
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